First of all as our start we will use few words of Dr. Ljubo Mihic from the book “Jahorina and Trebevic”: “So, for skiers, hikers, climbers, especially for people who need a break because of health reasons, for all of them Jahorina is right desicion during all year. It’ s hard to say when is more attractive: in winter as a snow beauty or in summer as a beauty of garden flowers of fragrance and greenery. Visit Jahorina and experience the beauty of nature that we could describe the pen, you schould come and see, experiencing and enjoying, in their own way. ”
Indeed, there are few places as Jahorina, where nature has been so generous and gave her everything that makes it attractive and acceptable to all sportsmen, recreationists, hunters, fishermen, hikers, and those whose senses are eager to enjoy the tranquility in natural beauty. Clean mountain air resting body and soul, not only in winter but in summer.
Jahorina has a more favorable climate elements, comperint with other mountains, which have a beneficial effect on human health. This primarily refers to chronic lung disease, closed TB, anemia and fresh air rich in oxygen and ozone without aletgena has a calming effect on easoest nervous diseases more easily and favorably affects recovery from serious illness.
This area is extremely rich in natural resources, which include geological, pedological, orographic, hidrogeographic, climate and biodiversity. The natural diversity has enabled the development of interesting flora, fauna and forest ecosystems that have occupancy of large areas of space. In addition to species with wide distribution, significant line biodiversity of this region are endemic and relict plant and animal species Jahorina belongs to the Dinaric Mountains. The highest peak is Ogorjelica – 1916 meters. Thanks to the geological structure, which is not leaking Jahorina abounds in resources, especially in the upper parts, and usually at the same altitude. Hundred wells and springs like a spider web weave the river Miljacka Prača and Železnici. Cold, clear and clean water jahorina’s streams and rivers are very rich with a diferent tipe of fish, and most passionable anglers can satisfy their passion here. First, the brown trout, chub and, gudgeon, grayling young fish and a crayfish. Jahorina Forests is covering large areas. Green conifer forests have raelly relaxing influence and refreshing scent of coniferous resin body.
From the first clearings and on to the top of the alternate belts of oak, beech – fir and fir – gin forests. Upper are hilly and mountain maple. At the top of the forest is becoming less common with juniper trees and flattened on the highest peaks are covered with moss. From the low forest vegetation, Jahorina is rich with blueberry, cranberry, raspberry, blackberry, strawberry, mint, gentian, St. John’s wort, dandelion, and diferent types of mushrooms. With its evergreen and deciduous forests, clean water and wild fruits Jahorina offers favorable conditions for forest habitat for many animals, how precious and rare wild animals and wild beasts.
Remains medieval cities and fortresses and medieval thumb are very interesting as a cultural – historical monuments that bear witness to this region was once the crossroads of all major roads, but the center of the country and one of the most powerful Pavlovic and most prominent families of the Bosnian state during king Kotromanić regin . Although not investigated as witnesses are remains of the city Pavlovac that are built 1415th year. On the site Praca there are two mineral springs, including one called Kiseljak. According to tradition this water cures stomach diseases and its healing properties are still believed the ancient Romans as evidenced by the remains of a Roman water pipes and ceramics. From the Middle Ages were the remains of a fortified palace on a hot Paljanska Miljacka that belonged to the famous Serbian despot Jerina, wife of despot Djuradj Brankovic.
Accrding to believe at this place ,in a small country cemetery have been burial masters Pavlovic. All this and interesting places, like caves as Orlovača located in Orlovača rosck in Mokrama in the 16-kilometer road from Sarajevo to Sokolac and which according to experts is one of the most interesting and beautiful in the former Yugoslavia, then placed a high in the rocks above the mythical cave Romanija.Novakova cavr , famous for Hajduk Starina Novak, and caves in Bogovici, Litovac in Miljacka bed and Lednjača cave from which more than 20 years ago took out the ice in the summer sun,which is a rare and interesting aspect of the tourist very atractive region.
Such as the following: Ursus arctos L. – bear Canis lupus L. – woolf Vulpes vulpes L. – fox Lutra lutra L. – otter Tetrastes bonasia L. – hazel grouse And some spicies from the beaty flora : Oxalis acetosella L. – sheep sorrel Parnassia palustris L. – thalia Gymnadenia conopea L. – black gress Vaccinium myrtillus L. – black current Plantago reniformis G.beck – Ilirian leaves Dianthus superbus L. – Turkish carnation Lincura L.